The very complex puzzle of OTT streaming


Football fans in India are a miffed demographic. In particular, the ones who took cord cutting seriously a few years ago, let go of linear TV subscriptions, and relied solely on web-based streaming to watch the Live matches, TV shows and movies. They may want to hedge their bets now.

In a significant darkening of the mood from a few weeks ago when JioCinema promised free streaming of the FIFA World Cup in 4K resolution, the Viacom18-owned over-the-top (OTT) service has since struggled to deliver an interruption-free streaming experience. to users. Complaints include persistent buffering of the live stream, stuttering video and drastic reduction in streaming quality.

Things have come a full circle for many. Soubhik Mukherjee, a Delhi-based digital content head at a private bank, has made the switch to linear TV again. “I’ve had to go back to my cable connection which I had abandoned years ago,” he says. Mukherjee hadn’t envisioned this, having become habitual with Live sports on various apps, including Disney+ Hotstar and Sony Liv.

Also Read:‘Apologies’, says Jio as football fans flag technical snag during FIFA World Cup

Viacom18 has exclusive broadcast rights for the FIFA World Cup 2022, in India. For the digital rights, the company chose JioCinema over its sibling platform Voot. The former, till recently was an exclusive for Reliance Jio mobile users. On linear TV platforms such as Tata Play and cable networks, three Viacom18 channels will simulcast matches – Sports18 1, Sports18 1 HD and MTV HD, the latter with Hindi commentary.

A few weeks ago, JioCinema access was opened for all users on Airtel and Vi mobile networks as well – they could sign in with their mobile number on the JioCinema app on any smartphone, smart TV or tablet. No longer was it a Jio exclusive.

What ails JioCinema?

While JioCinema apologized for the streaming issues on the opening day of the World Cup, things haven’t improved significantly on subsequent match days. “We are continuously working to give you a great experience. Please upgrade your app to the latest version to enjoy #FIFAWorldCupQatar2022. Apologies for any inconvenience,” they said in a statement shared on Twitter, on the opening day.

Viacom18 declined HT’s requests for comment.

HT confirms that the problems with streaming persisted well into the second day of the World Cup, even with the latest versions of JioCinema app on Android TV, Amazon Fire TV Stick 4K and Apple iPad, tested on 200Mbps fixed broadband as well as multiple 4G connections .

“Media companies have to reinvent themselves entirely to get streaming right. The way they have traditionally built tech using internal teams, systems integrators and multiple vendors is sub-optimal,” says Narendra Nag, CEO, Laminar Global, a no-code streaming technology PAAS (Platform as a service). He points out the importance of expertise, which even large teams may not have. One example is Shopify, which offers the service of building online marketplaces.

The struggle isn’t worth it, for most football fans. “Now I need to check if my Tata Play is still active,” says Anindya Sarangi, Country Head for ASQ India and South Asia, a professional certification platform, recalling his inactive direct to home (DTH) connection. A Lionel Messi fan, he rushes to recharge the DTH account and successfully activates Sports18 channels, before Argentina’s opening match with Saudi Arabia.

Beyond OTT, how to watch the World Cup

In case you are wondering about the options for watching the World Cup matches, the most reliable bets are the linear TV channels, Sports18 and MTV HD. Most DTH platforms as well as cable networks will have these channels in their line-up.

Secondly, companion apps for DTH services can be useful. Tata Play, for instance, streams the Sports18 channels in SD and HD channels on its app and on the web, and this is bundled with your TV subscription.

Vi, formerly Vodafone Idea, subscribers have what must feel like an ace up their sleeve. Within the My Vi app for smartphones resides the tab for ‘Movies’. Here, you will find some Live TV channels as well, including Sports18 if your Vi prepaid or postpaid plan bundles the Vi Movies & TV subscription (chances are, it will).

Football fans are discovering new options

There is no clarification forthcoming from Viacom18 on what ails the streaming service, but widespread issues eliminate localized instances of potentially unstable home broadband and mobile data connections.

“I watched FIFA on an illegal stream which had about 700k people watching in 4K UHD. Didn’t even buffer once. This guy’s server might be in his mom’s basement and yet faster than a billion-dollar company,” says Siddharth Sai, a miffed football fan in a tweet. He is referring to the TotalSportek website. There are many more, including Score808 and Stream2Watch.

While HT does not endorse illegal streams, we can confirm 4K resolution feeds also streamed flawlessly with the same internet connections on which JioCinema struggles.

OTT and the science of scale

In September, Amazon Prime Video clocked 15.3 million viewers for what was the first exclusive stream of the Thursday Night Football game. Closer home, the India vs Pakistan match at the recent T20 cricket world cup clocked peak 1.8 crore simultaneous streams on the Disney+ Hotstar platform. This was higher than the previous peak of 1.4 crore, when the two teams played at the Asia Cup.

“With live sporting events, reliability and low latency are absolutely critical because every lost second negatively impacts viewers,” says BA Winston, vice-president for Technology, Amazon Prime Video.

Networking company Cloudflare believes that once any issues on the user side are eliminated, two main factors cause slow-downs on the network side. Network latency, which is directly related to the storage location of the content that users are trying to access and network congestion, which defines the amount of data being sent through a network.

Netflix, the global streaming giant, says they “have servers all over the world, and send your video stream from as close to you as possible. The shorter the route, the higher the video quality.” Netflix has around 223 million paid subscribers. According to cord cutting resource Kill The Cable Bill, Netflix subscribers in the US alone stream more than 203 million hours of content per day.

Network latency, simply put, is the time it takes for data to pass from one point on a network to another. Think of it as data being sent from a server to your phone. Lower is quicker. One way to reduce latency, which is the time taken for streaming data to be delivered from a server to a user’s device, is to use a CDN or content delivery network.

“CDN servers are distributed in multiple locations so that content is stored closer to end users and does not need to travel as far to reach them,” adds Cloudflare. Viacom18 has not shared any underlying technology specifics for JioCinema.

Netflix is ​​extensively using neural networks to control steaming video quality depending on different network conditions. “A distinct, NN-based, video processing block can evolve independently, be used beyond video downscaling and be combined with different codecs,” says Christos Bampis, Senior Software Engineer at Netflix. Downscaling of video resolutions, when needed, is done using a conventional sampling filter, such as Lanczos.

Winston says it is impossible to forecast streaming demand. “Therefore, we needed to do sufficient scale testing and have an architecture that can scale quickly, handle spikes, and have sufficient caching in different layers to manage the demand,” he adds. That is perhaps where JioCinema missed a trick.

Besides latency and network congestion, another issue JioCinema could be struggling with is the app itself. “Everybody building a streaming service has to solve for fast moving and extraordinarily fragmented device landscape, especially across TVs — we are talking dozens of operating systems and OEM specific requirements,” says Nag.

He warns that solving this is not simple, requires a lot of time, and “people building it themselves will get it wrong before they get it right”.

In JioCinema’s case, streaming troubles are being reported by users across Android phones, iPhones and iPads, Fire TV streamers and Android TV smart TVs. That complicates the small matter of isolating a possible problem with the apps.


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